Diabetes 101 - Part 1
There are 2 main types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. Both exhibit high blood glucose, but they are different conditions. There are also some rare forms of diabetes.
Our body requires glucose (sugars) for cell function and energy. Our body breaks down carbohydrate foods and drinks, allowing glucose to be released into the bloodstream.
Our body also produces the hormone insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and it acts as a transport for glucose to enter our cells. Without diabetes, your pancreas is able to sense when sugars enter the body, thus releasing enough insulin at the right time to help transport glucose into the cells.
If you have diabetes, this process does not work.
Take a look at the video for a more detailed explanation
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Diabetes: the common ones at a glance
Type 1: your body cannot make insulin
Type 2: the insulin your body makes is either not working properly or not enough
Both main forms of diabetes lead to high blood glucose because glucose is not able to enter your body cells. In turn, these leads to diabetes symptoms:
Cuts and wounds that takes longer to heal
Diabetes: why the symptoms
Symptoms like frequent urination, thirst and thrush occur mainly because your body is trying to flush the excess glucose out via your urine. Urine containing glucose is a very good breeding ground for fungus infection, thus the increased risk of thrush.
If you do experience any of the above symptoms, do not hesitate to contact your doctor or contact us for an evaluation. It does not necessarily mean you have diabetes, but having it checked early can reduce the chances of serious complications if diagnosed.
Diabetes: the complications if ignored/untreated
Type 1: the majority of people with Type 1 Diabetes are diagnosed during childhood. adults with type 1 may not recognize the signs as quickly. Delayed diagnosis and treatment may lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, which can result in fatal coma.
Type 2: as it develops slowly, type 2 diabetes can be easily missed. If left untreated, major organs like the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys can be affected.
Suspecting you or someone you love may have Diabetes? Contact us now to book an evaluation.